Born in 1950 in Istanbul, graduated from high school in 1968. B.A. in Economics at Yale University in 1972, M.A. in Economics at the University of California at Berkeley in 1974, Ph.D. in Economics at the University of California at Berkeley in 1978. Teaching positions at the University of Ankara (1978-83), the University of Pennsylvania (1980-81), at Villanova University (1983-1993), at Princeton University (1990-91 and 1993-94), at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara (1990, 1991), at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor (1997), the Ben Gurion University of the Negev (1999) and at the Bogaziçi (Bosphorus) University from 1994 to the present.
- The Ottoman Empire and European Capitalism 1820-1913: Trade, Investment and Production (Cambridge/ New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
- An Economic History of the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, 1500-1914 [in Turkish] (Istanbul, First Edition, 1988/ Fourth Edition, 1996).
- with Roger Owen, A History of the Middle East Economies in the Twentieth Century (London/ Cambridge, Mass.: I.B. Tauris Publishers and Harvard University Press: 1998).
- A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1918 (Cambridge/ New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999). [Published in Turkish as Osmanli İmparatorluğu'nda Paranin Tarihi, Tarih Vakfi Yurt Yayinlari (Istanbul, 1999).
- "Prices in the Ottoman Empire, 1469-1914", International Journal of Middle East Studies, August 2004.
- with S. Ozmucur, "Urban Real Wages and the Standards of Living in the Ottoman Empire, 1469-1914", The Journal of Economic History (June 2002).
- "Institutional Change and the Longevity of the Ottoman Empire, 1500-1800", The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Volume 35, Issue 2 (Fall 2004).
Ataturk Institute for
Modern Turkish History
Bogaziçi University; 80815
Hompage at the Department of Economics, Ataturk Institute for Modern Turkish History in Istanbul.