lineThe Novel

[Manley, Delarivier,]
Secret Memoirs and Manners of Several Persons of Quality, of both Sexes. From The New Atalantis, [1] (London: J. Morphew/ J. Woodward, 1709).

[Manley, Delarivier,] Atalantis, [1] (London: J. Morphew/ J. Woodward, 1709).

SECRET| MEMOIRS| AND| MANNERS| Of several| Persons of Quality,| OF| Both SEXES.| FROM THE| New ATALANTIS,| AN| Island in the Mediteranean.| [rule]| Written Originally in ITALIAN.| [rule]| LONDON:| Printed for John Morphew near Stationer's-Hall, and| J. Woodward in St. Christopher's Church-yard, in| Thread-needle-street. 1709.


Title page/ p.i-vi dedication: Henry Duke of Beaufort/ p.1-246/ 8.


*{7: 8.FAB.ROM.IX,810} **{L: 1081.m.2} {NA:CtY-BR: IK M314 709S}.

Bibliographical Reference

ESTC: t075114.


TC, 3.643: 3 s.d.


Manley, Delarivier (c.1663-1724).

History of Publication

The Memoirs of Europe, 1-2 (1710), following the two volumes of the Atalantis were soon accepted as vols. 3 and 4 of the Atalantis. The stories and the frame are new yet the Memoirs of Europe »done into English by the Translator of the New Atalantis« themselves offered the connection. Both books were read as thinly disguised history. The word »sixth edition« of the 1720 volumes needs a liberal understanding of succeeding editions:

A. 1.a. this editionSecret Memoirs and Manners of Several Persons of Quality, of both Sexes. From The New Atalantis (London: J. Morphew/ J. Woodward, 1709). [Date see Tatler, 22 (28 May 1709) under the heading »Just Publish'd«. Advertisement in TC, 3.643.]
1.b. [...] Second Edition (London: J. Morphew/ J. Woodward, 1709). [New edition; Date see Tatler, 43 (16 July 1709) under the heading »This Day is Publish'd«.]link
2.a. Secret Memoirs [...] From The New Atalantis [...] Second Volume (London: J. Morphew/ J. Woodward, 1709). [Date see Tatler, 83 (18.10.1709): »This Day is publish'd«.]link
3.a. Memoirs of Europe (London: J. Morphew, 1710).link
4.a. Memoirs of Europe [...] Vol. II. (London: J. Morphew, 1710). [Date see pref.: followed pt. 2 of the Atalantis six month later.]link
3.b. Memoirs of Europe [...] Second Edition, corrected (London: J. Morphew 1711). [Probably only vol.1 of the Memoirs went into the new edition here.]link
1-4.c. Secret Memoirs [...] From The New Atalantis [...] in Two Volumes (London: J. Morphew, 1716). [2 vols. with 2 books each; vol. 1, book 2 bears the date 1715 - the whole edition was probably printed in 1715, appeared, however, so late, that the publisher preferred to publish it with the new date; new format: 12.]link
1-4.d. Secret Memoirs [...] from The New Atalantis [...] In four Volumes [...] Sixth Edition (London: J. Morphew, 1720).link
1-4.e. [...] Seventh Edition (London: J. Watson, 1736): {L:}.

Reprints of 1.a., 2.a., 3.a. und 4.a.: ed. P. Köster, The Novels of Mary Delariviere Manley, 1-2 (Gainsville, Florida, 1971). Texts 1.a. und 2.a. also ed. M. J. Bosse (London/ New York, 1972). New edition with footnotes: only 1.a. und 2.a. ed. R. Ballaster (London, 1991) [also (Harmondsworth, 1992)].


B. 1.a. L'Atalantis de Madame Manley (La Haye: H. Scheurleer, 1713).link
2.a. L'Atalantis de Madame Manley [...] tome second ([La Haye: H. Scheurleer] 1713).link
1.b. L'Atalantis de Madame Manley [...] seconde edition [...] tome premier ([La Haye: H. Scheurleer] 1714).link

German (the "Antalantis"-mistake on the title-page and the change from "Haag: H. Scheurleer" to Haag: Geheime Staats-Druckerey imply that the Antalantis, b, followed as a piracy.):

C. 1.a. Die Atalantis der Madame Manley [= Nr. 27 of: Geheime Nachrichten von denen vornehmsten Personen in Engelland] (Haag: H. Scheurleer [?1713]).link
1.b. Die An[!]talantis der Madame Manley (Haag: Geheime Staats-Druckerey [?1713]).link

Numerous scandalous publications appeared as contributions, appendices, and imitations - even some older titles - J and K - got into this new context.

The Secret History of Arlus and Odolphus (1710), D, and the Impartial Secret History of Arlus, Fortunatus, and Odolphus (1710), E, allude to the Atalantis with their protagonists' names and offer their own complex history: E attacks D, both texts were, however, pirated as a set, D./E., which offered E, the Impartial Secret History misleadingly as The Second Part of the Impartial Secret History:

D. a. The Secret History of Arlus and Odolphus [8] (1710).link
b. [...] Second Edition [identical reprint 8] (1710).link
c. [...] Third Edition [identical reprint, 8] (1710).link
E. a. The Impartial Secret History of Arlus, Fortunatus, and Odolphus [8] (1710).link
D./E. (D.)d. The Secret History of Arlus and Odolphus [16] (London: 1710).link
(E.)b. The Second Part of the Impartial Secret History of Arlus, Fortunatus, and Odolphus [16] (1710).link

F. was again political, G., H., and I.b. sold private histories under the politcal label.

F. a. Atalantis Major (Olreeky [Edinburgh], 1711).link
G. a. The Northern Atalantis (London: A. Baldwin, 1713).link
b. [...] Second Edition corrected (London: A. Baldwin, 1713).link
H. a. The Court of Atalantis (London: J. Roberts, 1714).link
b. Court Tales: or, a History of the Amours of the Present Nobility (London: J. Roberts, 1717).link
c. [...] Second Edition (London: E. Curll, 1720).link
d. [...] Second Edition (London, 1732): {L: G.16497}.
I. a. Hanover Tales (London [E. Curll], 1715).link
b. The German Atalantis ([London: E. Curll/ W. Hinchcliffe/ J. Roberts/ A. Bettesworth] 1715).link
c. Hanover Tales (London: E. Curll, 1721).link

The four volumes of the Atalantis succeded each other quickly - a gap was felt when no further volume appeared in 1711. The publishers brought J and K in new editions into the new context:

a. "The Unknown Lady's Pacquet of Letters taken from her by a French Privateer in her Passage to Holland. Suppos'd to be written by several Men of Quality. Brought over from St. Malo's by an English Officer, at the last Exchange of Prisoners", in: La Mothe, Marie Catherine Comtesse d'Aulnoy: Memoirs of the Court of England by the countess of Dunois (London: B. Bragg, 1707),
b. second edition (J. Woodward/ J. Morphew, 1708).link
J. c. Court Intrigues, in a Collection of Original Letters, from the Island of the New Atalantis &c. by the Author of those Memoirs (London: J. Morphew/ J. Woodward, 1711).link

K. offered as an "Appendix" was later supposed to have been written by Delarivier Manley - an erroneous notion resulting from the edition as an "Appendix":

a. The Secret History, of Queen Zarah (Albigion, 1705).link
K. b. The Secret History of Queen Zarah, and the Zarazians [...] by way of appendix to the New Atalantis (1711).link

Astrea [Justice] descends on the island of Atalantis, meets her mother Virtue, who tries to escape this world of »Interest« in which even the lovers have deserted her. Both visit Angela [London]. Lady Intelligence comments on all stories of interest. p.107: the sequel of »Histories« turns into the old type of satire with numerous scandals just being mentioned (e.g. short remarks on visitors of a horse race or coaches in the Prado [Hyde-Park]). The stories are levelled against leading whig politicians - they seduce and ruin women. Yet detailed analysis of situations and considerations on actions which could be taken by potential victims. Even the weakest female victims get their chances to win (and gain decent marriages) the more desperate we are about strategic mistakes and a loss of virtue which prevents the heroines from taking the necessary steps. The stories have been praised for their »warmth« and breathtaking turns.


Review: Deutsche Acta Eruditorum, 9 (1713),

D. Manley, Rivella (1714), p.4;

Anderson, Paul Bunyan, "Delariviere Manley's Prose Fiction", Philological Quarterley, 13 (1934), 168-88.

Anderson, Paul Bunyan, "Mistress Delarivière Manley's Biography", Modern Philology, 33 (1936), 261-78.

Needham, Gwendolyn, "Mary de la Rivière Manley, Tory Defender", Huntington Library Quarterley, 12 (1948/49), 255-89.

Davis, Lennard J., Factual Fictions. The Origins of the English Novel (New York, 1983).

Needham, Gwendolyn, "Mrs Manley. An Eighteenth-Century Wife of Bath", Huntington Library Quarterley, 14 (1950/51), 259-85.

Morgan, Fidelis, A Woman of No Character. An Autobiography of Mrs. Manley (London, 1986).

Todd, Janet, "Life after Sex: The Fictional Autobiography of Delarivier Manley", Women's Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 15 (1988), p.43-55.

Todd, Janet, The Sign of Angellica. Women, Writing, and Fiction, 1660-1800 (London, 1989).

Gallagher, Catharine, "Political Crimes and Fictional Alibis. The Case of Delarivier Manley", Eighteenth Century Studies, 23 (1990), 502-21.

Ballaster, Rosalind, "Introduction" to: Manley, Delariviere, New Atalantis, ed. R. Ballaster (London, 1992), p.v-xxi.

Ballaster, Rosalind, Seductive Forms (Oxford, 1992).

Olaf Simons, Marteaus Europa oder Der Roman, bevor er Literatur wurde (Amsterdam, 2001), p.173-79, 218-256.